Burwell Road is named after Colonel Mahlon Burwell, a leading member of Tiger Dunlop's party when they surveyed the proof line through the Huron Tract in May 1827.
Burwell was born in New Jersey, the eldest son of Adam Burwell, a United Empire Loyalist who moved with his family, after the American Revolutionary War, to the vicinity of Fort Erie in Upper Canada. Port Burwell, on Lake Erie, is named after the same family.
Mahlon studied land surveying, and in 1809 was appointed a deputy surveyor. For his professional competence, his personal integrity, and his soundness of judgment, he came to enjoy a high reputation. He and his wife had seven sons and two daughters.
Between 1812 and 1840, he was elected at least five times to the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada, and defeated at least three times. His first constituency included the counties of Middlesex and Oxford, and in 1836 he became the first to represent the new constituency of London, at that time still a village designated as the district town of the London district. Burwell's house at Port Talbot was destroyed during the War of 1812.